What does colloid cyst in thyroid mean?
Colloid nodules: These are one or more overgrowths of normal thyroid tissue. These growths are not cancer (benign). They may grow large, but they don’t spread beyond your thyroid gland. These are the most common type of thyroid nodules.
What is cystic colloid goiter?
Colloid goitres are a common, benign lesion of the thyroid gland, that involve a diffuse or nodular pattern. An important feature of colloid goitre is the contained colloid material inside and the comet-tail artefacts, which show up on ultrasound.
How are thyroid colloid cysts treated?
A common treatment for cancerous nodules is surgical removal. In the past, it was standard to remove a majority of thyroid tissue — a procedure called near-total thyroidectomy. However, today more limited surgery to remove only half of the thyroid may be appropriate for some cancerous nodules.
How are colloid cysts treated?
The common surgical treatments for colloid cyst are shunt placement, craniotomy, and endoscopic craniotomy; in some cases only observation is necessary. Filled with a proteinaceous fluid, these growths are considered cysts, not “true” brain tumors.
How serious is a colloid cyst?
Because a colloid cyst can obstruct the flow of fluid into the brain’s third ventricle, it requires immediate medical attention. Common symptoms of colloid cysts include memory problems, headaches, loss of consciousness, and confusion. Surgery to remove the colloid cyst generally cures a person with this condition.
At what size should a colloid cyst be removed?
Likewise, patients with larger cysts (those that measure more than 10mm) are also at greater risk, and surgical removal might be recommended even in patients without symptoms.
Can colloid cysts turn cancerous?
They are not neoplastic (tumors) and they are not cancerous, meaning that they do not spread or require radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Unlike arachnoid cysts, which usually do not grow in size, colloid cysts are expected to increase in size slowly over time.
Can you live with a colloid cyst?
Most colloid cysts, however, can be safely monitored indefinitely rather than treated. Factors that determine whether observation or surgical removal is best include the degree of CSF blockage, the size of the cyst, and the age of the patient. With treatment the prognosis for a patient with a colloid cyst is excellent.
Should a colloid cyst be removed?
What is a multinodular goiter?
Your thyroid is a gland in your neck that makes hormones that control many bodily functions. An enlarged thyroid gland is called a goiter. One type of goiter is a multinodular goiter, in which an enlarged thyroid will have separate bumps ( nodules) on it.
What is a goiter in the thyroid?
Goiter: a thyroid gland that is enlarged for any reason is called a goiter. A goiter can be seen when the thyroid is overactive, underactive or functioning normally. If there are nodules in the goiter it is called a nodular goiter; if there is more than one nodule it is called a multinodular goiter.
What causes multiple goiters in thyroid nodules?
Patients are usually euthyroid, but the nodules may also be hypo- or hyperfunctioning, resulting in systemic symptoms from hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, respectively. Multinodular goiters develop from simple goiters as a result of repeated instances of stimulation and involution 4 .
What is a thyroid colloid cyst?
A thyroid colloid cyst is one type of noncancerous (benign) thyroid nodule. Thyroid nodules are very common, with about 60% of adults having at least one.