What are the routes of exposure to hazardous drugs?
Workers can be exposed to hazardous drugs through breathing vapors, dusts, or aerosols, absorbing it through skin contact (for example, touching dust or liquid residue on surfaces), swallowing it, or accidental injection.
What are the categories of hazardous medications quizlet?
Hazardous drugs include drugs that are: teratogenic, carcinogenic, genotoxic (damage the DNA and can cause cancer), have reproductive toxicity, and cause organ toxicity at low doses.
Where would you prepare hazardous drugs in a pharmacy quizlet?
The preparation can take place in a room with integrated vertical laminar airflow. The preparation can take place in a biological safety cabinet, class I. The preparation can take place in a biological safety cabinet, class II. The preparation can take place on a horizontal airflow workbench.
What is the highest risk of exposure to hazardous drugs?
The highest risk of exposure occurs during the preparation of hazardous drugs because the drugs are at their most concentrated state at that time. Engineering controls, such as the proper use of BSCs, are the most effective means of reducing employee exposure.
What is the most common route of exposure to hazardous drug waste?
The most common routes of exposure are skin contact with hazardous drug-contaminated workplace surfaces and inhalation of drug aerosols generated during compounding or administration of hazardous drugs.
Where would you find warnings and special handling for hazardous drugs quizlet?
Where would you find warnings and special handling for Hazardous Drugs? On the manufacture’s Safety Data Sheet.
How does the hazardous medication PPE guide define risk?
A risk is the chance, high or low, that any hazard will actually cause someone harm A hazard is something that can cause harm Page 11 9 JANUARY 2022 (v1.10) Who Does This Apply To?
What is the most common type of hazardous drugs exposure for healthcare workers?
But research indicates that the most common route of exposure to hazardous drugs is through dermal exposure. One study, conducted by NIOSH in 2010, looked at environmental surface contamination at three different cancer centers in the United States.
What are the types of hazardous drugs?
Hazardous drugs include those used for can- cer chemotherapy, antiviral drugs, hormones, some bioengineered drugs, and other miscella- neous drugs. The definition of hazardous drugs used in this Alert is based on an ASHP defi- nition that was originally developed in 1990 [ASHP 1990].
What are examples of hazardous drugs?
For a more complete list see the NIOSH List of Hazardous Drugs.
- Arsenic trioxide.
- Fluorouracil (5-FU)
Where are warnings and special handling for hazardous drugs?
Provide access to SDSs for hazardous drugs that it distributes. These SDSs are available by calling the pharmacy that distributed the drug. Provide a warning on the label of hazardous drugs that it distributes, indicating that special handling precautions are necessary.
What are three risk groups for hazardous drugs?
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. The format for the 2014 list was revised to include three groups of hazardous drugs: (1) Antineoplastic drugs; (2) Non-antineoplastic hazardous drugs; and (3) Drugs with reproductive effects.
How does occupational exposure to hazardous drugs occur?
Exposure to hazardous drugs can occur through: skin absorption. mucosal absorption. inhalation of drug aerosols, dust, powder or droplets.