Who defeated the palmyrene empire?
A year later the Palmyrenes rebelled, which led Aurelian to destroy Palmyra. Despite its brief existence, the Palmyrene Empire is remembered for having been ruled by one of the most ambitious and powerful women in late antiquity.
Why was Aurelian assassinated?
Early in 275, while marching to open a campaign against Persia, Aurelian was murdered by a group of officers who had allegedly been misled by his secretary into believing themselves marked for execution.
When did Zenobia conquer Egypt?
Nevertheless, unlike Odaenathus, Zenobia was not content to remain a Roman client. In 269 she seized Egypt, then conquered much of Asia Minor and declared her independence from Rome.
Did Aurelian wear a mask?
Aurelian wears a unique Niederbieber type helmet hybridized with an auxiliary cavalry type A helmet and a face mask. The helmet also has a radiant crown which was worn by the Roman emperors in association with the cult of Sol Invictus during the 3rd century AD.
Was Aurelian an Illyrian?
Several of the most-outstanding emperors of the late Roman Empire were of Illyrian origin, including Claudius II Gothicus, Aurelian, Diocletian, and Constantine the Great, most of whom were chosen by their own troops on the battlefield and later acclaimed by the Senate.
Why is Zenobia famous?
Zenobia, the Rebel Queen Who Took On Rome This ancient queen of Palmyra conquered Egypt, captured Roman provinces, and nearly transformed her realm into an empire equal to Rome. Wealth, culture, and power dwelled in the city of Palmyra in the third century A.D.
Are Sol Invictus and Helios the same?
Sol Invictus (Classical Latin: [s̠oːɫ̪ ɪnˈwɪk.t̪ʊs̠], “Unconquered Sun”), sometimes known as Helios, was long considered to be the official sun god of the later Roman Empire. In recent years, however, the scholarly community has become divided on Sol between traditionalists and a growing group of revisionists.