What is forced labour ILO?
The Definition of forced labour According to the ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) , forced or compulsory labour is: “all work or service which is exacted from any person under the threat of a penalty and for which the person has not offered himself or herself voluntarily.”
Who are the main victims of forced labor?
Traffickers frequently target vulnerable populations, such as children, individuals without lawful immigration status, those with debts, and those who are isolated, impoverished, or disabled, to name a few. U.S. citizens, foreign nationals, women, men, and children can all be victims of forced labor.
What is modern slavery driven by?
Key Issue. Modern slavery is driven by international gangs who recognise the amount of money to be made from exploiting people within a range of economic sectors such as food processing, agriculture and construction to name a few.
What is human trafficking UN?
The United Nations defines human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means (such as force, abduction, fraud, or coercion) for an improper purpose including forced labor or sexual exploitation.
What are the types of human trafficking?
The 3 most common types of human trafficking are sex trafficking, forced labor, and debt bondage. Forced labor, also known as involuntary servitude, is the biggest sector of trafficking in the world, according to the U.S. Department of State.
What causes forced labour?
The vast majority are exploited by individuals or businesses, many of them in agriculture or construction work. Poverty is one of the main causes of forced labour as well as a lack of labour in the agriculture sectors, decent employment opportunities and discrimination.
What are 3 types of labor trafficking?
Forms of Labor Trafficking There are several forms of exploitative practices linked to labor trafficking, including bonded labor, forced labor and child labor. Bonded labor, or debt bondage, is probably the least known form of labor trafficking today, and yet it is the most widely used method of enslaving people.
What is the other name of forced labour?
forced labour, also called Slave Labour, labour performed involuntarily and under duress, usually by relatively large groups of people.
What are examples of labor trafficking?
Common types of labor trafficking include people forced to work in homes as domestic servants, small businesses, farmworkers coerced through violence as they harvest crops, or factory workers held in inhumane conditions with little to no pay.