What diseases did the Trail of Tears have?
The diseases encountered on the journey range from pertussis (whooping cough) to typhus. Among the other deadly diseases were smallpox, measles, influenza, cholera, malaria, tuberculosis, mumps, yellow fever, and syphilis.
What does the Trail of Tears refer to?
In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the “Trail of Tears,” because of its devastating effects.
What was the most common disease on the Trail of Tears?
The dysentery and diarrhea that tore through the campsites and the harsh winter conditions claimed the lives of many, particularly children and the elderly, who were buried in makeshift graves along the way. The last of the Cherokee completed the Trail of Tears in March 1839.
What did the Trail of Tears lead to?
Monument at New Echota to the Cherokees who died along the trail. Guided by policies favored by President Andrew Jackson, who led the country from 1828 to 1837, the Trail of Tears (1837 to 1839) was the forced westward migration of American Indian tribes from the South and Southeast.
What diseases did natives have?
Measles, mumps, chickenpox, smallpox, diphtheria, influenza, pneumonia, typhoid, and the common cold reach Florida and Cuba and begin their deadly march through populations across the hemisphere.
What diseases did the European settlers bring to the Native American?
Europeans brought deadly viruses and bacteria, such as smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera, for which Native Americans had no immunity (Denevan, 1976). On their return home, European sailors brought syphilis to Europe.
What does the Trail of Tears refer to quizlet?
The “Trail of Tears” refers specifically to Cherokee removal in the first half of the 19th century, when about 16,000 Cherokees were forcibly relocated from their ancestral lands in the Southeast to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi.
What kind of disease ravaged the Indian tribes on the trail and approximately how many Indians died as a result of it?
In 1738-39 the tribe experienced its worst epidemic from smallpox, when the disease was brought by traders or was brought back from an expedition in which the Cherokee aided the British against the Spanish in Florida. Between 7,000 and 10,000 Cherokees died, representing about one-half of the tribe’s population.
What was the Trail of Tears quizlet?
Which Indian group was mainly affected by the Trail of Tears?
The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail commemorates the removal of the Cherokee and the paths that 17 Cherokee detachments followed westward.
What diseases did Europeans bring to Indians?
Europeans brought deadly viruses and bacteria, such as smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera, for which Native Americans had no immunity (Denevan, 1976).
What disease decimated the native American populations because they had no immunity to the virus?
With the arrival of Europeans in the Western Hemisphere, Native American populations were exposed to new infectious diseases, diseases for which they lacked immunity. These communicable diseases, including smallpox and measles, devastated entire native populations.
What was the result of the Trail of Tears quizlet?
What was the result of the Trail of Tears? This resulted in 1,000s of deaths and illness of the Native Americans removed from their lands.
Which describes the Trail of Tears of 1838 quizlet?
Which best describes the Trail of Tears of 1838? It was a 1,000-mile journey that took more than 100 days.
Why was the Trail of Tears significance to American history?
This tragic chapter in American and Cherokee history became known as the Trail of Tears, and culminated the implementation of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which mandated the removal of all American Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River to lands in the West.
What disease is dysentery?
Dysentery is an infection of the intestines that causes diarrhoea containing blood or mucus. Other symptoms of dysentery can include: painful stomach cramps. feeling sick or being sick (vomiting) a high temperature.