Why was Arthur Evans important?
Sir Arthur Evans, in full Sir Arthur John Evans, (born July 8, 1851, Nash Mills, Hertfordshire, England—died July 11, 1941, Youlbury, near Oxford, Oxfordshire), British archaeologist who excavated the ruins of the ancient city of Knossos in Crete and uncovered evidence of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization, which …
Who discovered the Minoans?
archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans
When the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans discovered the 4,000-year-old Palace of Minos on Crete in 1900, he saw the vestiges of a long-lost civilization whose artefacts set it apart from later Bronze-Age Greeks.
Who discovered Knossos?
The site of Knossos was discovered in 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos. The excavations in Knossos began in 1900 by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans (1851–1941) and his team, and continued for 35 years.
What did Heinrich Schliemann and Arthur Evans discover?
Heinrich Schliemann and Arthur Evans are two of the most well-known names in archaeology. Their excavations of Aegean civilizations in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries dramatically influenced our understanding of the Bronze Age world.
Who discovered Troy?
With a copy of Homer’s “Iliad,” the archaelogist went searching for years for the remains of Troy, long thought merely legendary. He began with the excavation 150 years ago.
Why was Sir Arthur Evans restoration of the palace of Knossos controversial?
The Knossos controversy is many-fold, starting with the timing and manner in which Evans acquired the site. Some believe he took advantage of a climate of unrest & instability in Greece; one that included Ottoman occupation, war, and religious infighting between Christians and Muslims.
What is Knossos famous for?
Knossos (pronounced Kuh-nuh-SOS) is the ancient Minoan palace and surrounding city on the island of Crete, sung of by Homer in his Odyssey: “Among their cities is the great city of Cnosus, where Minos reigned when nine years old, he that held converse with great Zeus.” King Minos, famous for his wisdom and, later, one …
What is Heinrich Schliemann known for?
In 1876, German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered spectacular golden masks in a grave. One of them became known as the “Mask of Agamemnon,” even though later research determined that the masks were some 400 years older than the king.
What was discovered at the Palace of Knossos?
During the excavations at Knossos, Arthur Evans found objects which showed that the Minoans had at least two forms of writing, an early hieroglyphic text, (similar to that of the Egyptians), and a later more sophisticated type of writing known as Linear A.
What is Knossos known for?
What was the highest achievement of Minoan architecture and engineering?
One of the discoveries consists of the greatest example of Minoan architectural achievement: the Palace of Knossos, where King Minos was ruler. British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans discovered the ruins of the palace in 1900 while digging on the northeast coast of Crete.
Why was the Palace of Knossos so impressive?
The Palace of Knossos is the monumental symbol of Minoan civilization, due to its construction, use of luxury materials, architectural plan, advanced building techniques and impressive size.
Who discovered ruins of Troy?
archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann
Troy, with its 4,000 years of history, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. The first excavations at the site were undertaken by the famous archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in 1870.
Is Schliemann the father of Archaeology?
If Winckelmann was the father of Hellenic archaeology, Schliemann should be considered the father of prehistoric Hellenic archaeology. Although previous archaeologists had experimented with digs around the site of Hisarlik, Schliemann was the first to really look for Homeric Troy.