What did the Covenant of the League of Nations say?
The Covenant of the League of Nations in 1920 attempted to restrict, but not to prohibit, recourse to war. It provided that states should seek to settle their disputes peacefully by referring them to arbitration, judicial settlement, or to the Council of the League.
How many articles did the Covenant of the League of Nations have?
The Covenant had three main objectives in 26 articles for the League of Nations: to ensure collective security, to assure functional cooperation, and to execute the mandates of peace treaties.
Which Treaty contained the Covenant of League of Nations?
the Treaty of Versailles
The Covenant of the League of Nations was the charter of the League of Nations. It was signed on 28 June 1919 as Part I of the Treaty of Versailles, and became effective together with the rest of the Treaty on 10 January 1920.
What was Article 10 of the League of nations Covenant?
Article 10. The Members of the League undertake to respect and preserve as against external aggression the territorial integrity and existing political independence of all Members of the League.
What is Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations?
ARTICLE 22. Certain communities formerly belonging to the Turkish Empire have reached a stage of development where their existence as independent nations can be provisionally recognized subject to the rendering of administrative advice and assistance by a Mandatory until such time as they are able to stand alone.
Which country first broke the Covenant of the League of Nations?
Brazil was the first founding member to withdraw (14 June 1926), and Haiti the last (April 1942). Iraq, which joined in 1932, was the first member that had previously been a League of Nations mandate.
What does Article 22 of the Treaty of Versailles mean?
“Nothing in the present Convention [or Protocol] shall affect the provisions of any treaty, convention or agreement in force between any of the High Contracting Parties relating to nationality or matters connected therewith.”
What is Article 16 of the Covenant of the League?
ARTICLE 16. It shall be the duty of the Council in such case to recommend to the several Governments concerned what effective military, naval or air force the Members of the League shall severally contribute to the armed forces to be used to protect the covenants of the League.
Why was the Covenant of the League so weak?
Finally, the League’s greatest weakness came from the fact that it was set up by the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty had many flaws (for example, reparations) – but the League was supposed to enforce it. Also, the Treaty was hated, especially by the Germans and the Americans, so the League was hated too.
Why did Japan leave the League of Nations?
The Japanese government rejected the Commission’s findings and withdrew from the League in March 1933. Despite China’s appeals, it was decided not to extend sanctions on Japan. In 1935 this blow to the League’s credibility was compounded by Italy’s invasion of Abyssinia (modern Ethiopia).
What does Article 42 of the Treaty of Versailles mean?
ARTICLE 42. Germany is forbidden to maintain or construct any fortifications either on the left bank of the Rhine or on the right bank to the west of a line drawn 50 kilometres to the East of the Rhine.
What does Article 10 of the Treaty of Versailles mean?
Article 10: The members of the League undertake to respect and preserve as against external aggression the territorial integrity and existing political independence of all Members of the League.
What were the 4 reason that the League of Nations was weak?
4: The League of Nations. The League of Nations was formed to prevent a repetition of the First World War, but within two decades this effort failed. Economic depression, renewed nationalism, weakened successor states, and feelings of humiliation (particularly in Germany) eventually contributed to World War II.
Which country first broke the covenant of the League of Nations?
Was China a member of the League of nations?
The members (listed from earliest joining and alphabetically if they joined on the same day) at this time were Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, the British Empire, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Italy, Liberia, the …
What is Article 12 of the League of Nations?
By Article 12, all bound themselves to submit all serious disputes to peaceful settlement or to inquiry by the Council and in no case to resort to war until these procedures had had time to lead to a settlement. Even then, if no settlement were reached, they promised to wait a further three months before going to war.
What is Article X of the League of Nations Covenant?
Article X of the Covenant of the League of Nations is the section calling for assistance to be given to a member that experiences external aggression.
Where can I find the League of Nations Covenant?
The Covenant of the League of Nations League of Nations, Covenant of the League of Nations, 28 April 1919, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/3dd8b9854.html. ARTICLE 10.
What is the composition of the League of Nations Council?
The Council shall consist of Representatives of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, together with Representatives of four other Members of the League. These four Members of the League shall be selected by the Assembly from time to time in its discretion.