How are Finnish houses built?
While most new buildings in Finland are constructed using concrete or mixed materials, even some modern homes are made from wood. This is because, as well as its insulating qualities and aesthetic value, wood is actually one of the most sustainable resources in Finland, where forests cover nearly 75% of the land.
How are log houses built?
log cabin, small house built of logs notched at the ends and laid one upon another with the spaces filled with plaster, moss, mortar, mud, or dried manure. Log cabins are found especially in wooded areas, where the construction material is easily at hand.
How is a log cabin constructed?
By stacking tree trunks one on top of another and overlapping the logs at the corners, people made the “log cabin”. They developed interlocking corners by notching the logs at the ends, resulting in strong structures that were easier to make weather-tight by inserting moss or other soft material into the joints.
How are houses insulated in Finland?
Houses and apartments in Finland are generally high quality. They are well insulated with double glazing as a minimum, triple glazing as standard and quadruple or even quintuple glazing becoming more common. Homes are well heated in winter and there is no need for stand-alone heaters.
What is the architecture like in Finland?
The vernacular architecture of Finland is generally characterised by the predominant use of wooden construction. The oldest known dwelling structure is the so-called kota, a goahti, hut or tent with a covering in fabric, peat, moss, or timber.
Did log cabins have dirt floors?
It originally had a dirt floor but a sturdier floor was put in, in 1730. The cabin was built by a family who will have been relatively well off, judging by the size of it. It average size of a cabin during that time period was 12×12 feet, however, Nothnagle Cabin is 16×22 feet.
How did settlers build log cabins?
Early settlers probably made their first log cabins by simply stacking tree trunks one on top of another and overlapping the trunks at the corners. Over time, their building processes got more sophisticated. For example, they eventually created interlocking corners by cutting notches in the ends of the logs.
What material is used to fill the gaps between the logs?
In short, chinking is the material which is placed between the logs of a log home. Chinking is to logs as mortar is to bricks. Chinking is a flexible material used to fill gaps where logs don’t meet completely. Essentially, chinking a log home will ensure logs which don’t fit together perfectly have a nice seal.
How did the pioneers build their log cabins?
How are houses heated in Finland?
The current market is dominated by air-source heat pumps, but ground-source heat pumps also play a starring role: there are more than 100,000 geothermal wells across Finland, with a combined depth of 20,000km – half the earth’s circumference.
What are Finnish homes like?
Finnish homes are very warm, perfected with excellent insulation. Triple glazed windows and underfloor heating are very common. Some people are having their houses ridiculously warm so that they can have bare feet indoors all year long (Mum, I know you are reading this. Turn the temperature colder please).
What is Nordic architecture?
What Is Scandinavian Architecture? Scandinavian architecture uses Scandinavian design elements such as merging the structure with the surrounding environment, integration of wood and natural materials, natural light, clean lines, neutral colors, and more.
What was chinking made of?
Chinking used to be made using a mixture of clay, lime, silt, sand, ash, and dirt. This mixture used to vary depending on what was available in the region. Old mixtures were not made of elastic and would pull away from the logs.
What is the white stuff between logs in a log cabin?
Are cracks in log homes normal?
Cracks in your logs can cause some serious problems. However most cracks are nothing to worry about. It is natural for wood to crack or check as it dries and this is actually part of the charm of a log home. It’s that rustic, weathered look that makes them unique.
How did settlers build cabins?
What is the best base for a log cabin?
A flat and level concrete base is the ideal log cabin foundation, but if you already have a paved or decked area that you want to place your cabin, that is also a great idea. With any base, the most important thing is that it is flat, square and one hundred percent level.