What is the athletic identity?
Athletic identity refers to the degree of strength and exclusivity to which a person identifies with the athlete role or the degree to which one devotes special attention to sport relative to other engagements or activities in life .
How is athletic identity formed?
By participating in a sport, an individual is making a social statement about who they are and how they want others think of them. An athletic identity is developed through acquisition of skills, confidence, and social interaction during sport. It plays a part in a cognitive and social role.
What is social identity theory in sports?
Sports fans are known to engage in BIRGing, or basking in reflected glory after their team wins, and CORFing, cutting off reflected failure following a team loss. These phenomena are related to social identity theory, which examines how group memberships shape a person’s self-image.
Why athlete identity is an issue?
While we know there are many great qualities that athletics teaches, this disproportional identity as an athlete can have detrimental effects on mental health, personal relationships, growth and functioning. We are all made up of many, ever-changing roles that we identify with.
Is athletic identity an important motivator?
We also found that athletic identity of an athlete can be quite reliably predicted through the information of the dynamic component of his or her personality, above all through the motive of win orientation and positive competitive motivation.
How has sport influenced their sense of self identity?
Having a strong athletic identity often leads to a strong sense of self and sureness of who you are. Increased self-confidence, self-discipline, and more positive social interactions have all been observed in those with high athletic identity compared to those with a low athletic identity.
What is social identity theory in psychology?
social identity theory, in social psychology, the study of the interplay between personal and social identities. Social identity theory aims to specify and predict the circumstances under which individuals think of themselves as individuals or as group members.
Why is social identity theory important?
Social identity theory (SIT) provides a framework for explaining intergroup behavior and intergroup communication based on the inherent value humans place on social group memberships, and their desire to view their specific social groups in a positive light. This desire can lead to intergroup prejudice and conflict.
What is the athletic identity measurement scale?
The Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS) is a widely used measure of athletic identity (Brewer & Cornelius, 2001). Although the factor structure of the AIMS has been tested repeatedly in an American population, its psychometric properties remain largely unexplored cross-culturally.
What is personality traits in sports psychology?
In general, the generic traits approach seems to offer support for the assumption that people prefer sports that “fit” their personality, that people with higher levels of conscientiousness and extraversion are more physically active, and that those with higher levels of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional …
What is psychodynamic theory in sport?
Psychodynamic approach tries to understand the individual as a whole. Often ignored in sport due to focusing on the reasons for behaviour that comes from within the individual. Tends to ignore the athletes environment. However it does help us to understand that not all behaviour is under the conscious control of …
What is a theory and why are theories important in Sport and Exercise Psychology?
Critical analysis of ideas and work helps ensure that conclusions are reliable. What is a theory and why are theories important in sport and exercise psychology? A theory is a set of interrelated facts that present a systematic view of some phenomenon in order to describe, explain, and predict its future occurrences.
What is the relationship between self image and athletic performance?
This study found that body image and self-efficacy had a significant positive influence on sports participation and that the higher the body image scores, the higher the degree of sports participation, which was consistent with the findings of the study by Hu (2017).
What is the social identity theory example?
5 Self-Categorization (and Social Identity) Theory Social identity refers to the ways that people’s self-concepts are based on their membership in social groups. Examples include sports teams, religions, nationalities, occupations, sexual orientation, ethnic groups, and gender.
What is unidimensional athletic identity?
Athletic identity was initially conceptualized as a unidimensional construct but eventually transformed to be re-conceptualized into a seven-item questionnaire that consists of three dimensions: social identity, exclusivity and negative affectivity .
What is athletic identity and why does it matter?
As a cognitive structure, athletic identity provides a framework for interpreting information, determines how an athlete copes with career-threatening situations, and inspires behaviour consistent with the athlete role.
Is athletic identity positive or negative self-concept?
However, athletic identity does seem to generally be a positive self-concept, and is present in most elite athletes.
What is the difference between private and public athletic identity?
In this instance, private athletic identity refers to the extent to which the individual thinks and feels like an athlete whilst public athletic identity is the extent to which an individual is known and recognized by others as an athlete.
What are the emotional difficulties of being an athlete?
Emotional Difficulties Dealing with Injury: Injuries are an inevitable part of sport. Athletes with a robust athletic identity often find it difficult to cope with an injury, especially if it results in them being side-lined for a prolonged period of time. They tend to lose confidence and may experience feelings of helplessness.