## What is the formula for nuclear fusion?

The binding energy B is the energy associated with the mass difference between the Z protons and N neutrons considered separately and the nucleons bound together (Z + N) in a nucleus of mass M. The formula is B = (Zmp + Nmn − M)c2, where mp and mn are the proton and neutron masses and c is the speed of light.

**What happened to Lockheed Martin fusion?**

In 2014, Lockheed Martin (LMT -0.44%) shocked the world with the announcement that it was building a nuclear fusion reactor and planned to have it online “in as little as ten years.” Five years later, Lockheed confirmed that it is still working on the project — but had made very little progress in nuclear fusion …

**What was the world record for a nuclear fusion reaction?**

In early February, scientists at the Joint European Torus (JET) lab in Oxfordshire in the UK announced they’d broken the world record for the amount of energy produced in a nuclear fusion experiment. They produced 59 megajoules of heat energy in a single fusion “shot” that lasted for five seconds.

### Can a fusion reactor be turned into a bomb?

Can fusion reactors be used to produce weapons? No. Although hydrogen bombs do use fusion reactions, they require an additional fission bomb to detonate. Working conditions of a magnetically-confined fusion reactor require a limited amount of fuel in the reactor.

**How is e mc2 related to nuclear fusion?**

Fusion occurs when two light atoms bond together, or fuse, to make a heavier one. The total mass of the new atom is less than that of the two that formed it; the “missing” mass is given off as energy, as described by Albert Einstein’s famous E=mc2 equation.

**Has there been a successful fusion reaction?**

In experiments culminating the 40-year run of the Joint European Torus (JET), the world’s largest fusion reactor, researchers announced today they have smashed the record for producing controlled fusion energy.

## Is there a working fusion reactor?

The ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project currently under construction in Cadarache, France will be the largest tokamak when it operates in the 2020s. The Chinese Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR) is a tokamak which is reported to be larger than ITER, and due for completion in 2030.

**What does Einstein’s energy equation E mc2 say about the energy that is derived from nuclear fission reactions?**

What does Einstein’s energy equation (E = mc2) say about the energy that is derived from nuclear fission reactions? The energy is proportional to the increase in mass of the nucleus undergoing fission.

**What does the equation E mc2 stand for and what does it tell us about nuclear fission?**

“Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared.” On the most basic level, the equation says that energy and mass (matter) are interchangeable; they are different forms of the same thing. Under the right conditions, energy can become mass, and vice versa.

### How much energy is 17.6 MeV?

2.8 x 10-12 joule

Each D-T fusion event releases 17.6 MeV (2.8 x 10-12 joule, compared with 200 MeV for a U-235 fission and 3-4 MeV for D-D fusion). On a mass basis, the D-T fusion reaction releases over four times as much energy as uranium fission.

**Is deuterium deuterium fusion possible?**

Though fusion with a proton is the dominant method of consuming deuterium, other reactions are possible. These include fusion with another deuterium nucleus to form helium-3, tritium, or (more rarely) helium-4, or with helium to form various isotopes of lithium.

**What is the Lockheed Martin compact fusion reactor?**

The Lockheed Martin Compact Fusion Reactor ( CFR) is a fusion power project at Lockheed Martin ’s Skunk Works. Its high- beta configuration, which implies that the ratio of plasma pressure to magnetic pressure is greater than or equal to 1 (compared to tokamak designs’ 0.05), allows a compact fusion reactor (CFR) design and expedited development.

## What’s the biggest hurdle facing Skunk Works’fusion reactor?

Members of the CFR program team at Skunk Works work on an experimental fusion reactor. One of the biggest hurdles for Skunk Works may be ensuring that the design remains truly “compact” by the end of its development.

**Why Lockheed Martin Skunk Works ®?**

At Lockheed Martin Skunk Works ®, your mission defines our purpose. Our team of dedicated engineers and scientists assume it can be done. With a visionary focus on the future, we partner with our customers to anticipate tomorrow’s capability gaps and technology needs to solve the most critical national security challenges today.

**Can Lockheed Martin’s nuclear reactor design scale up to a practical level?**

Babione acknowledged that Lockheed Martin still had much work to do in scaling up the capabilities of the reactor design to a practical level, which might also require increasing its physical size. “How do you scale it up to generate power for a city or an entire town?